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A health problem that affects one in ten women of childbearing age – Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOD)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), also known as a polycystic ovarian syndrome, is a common health problem caused by an imbalance of reproductive hormones. The hormonal imbalance creates problems in the ovaries. It is common to all women who have irregularity in the menstrual cycle and the presence of excess male hormones (androgens). It usually happens during the first menstrual period during puberty.

In women who have, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or PCOS, there is an imbalance in female sex hormones. The imbalance may prevent the development and release of mature eggs. Without a mature egg, neither ovulation nor pregnancy can occur.

The United States’ Office on Women’s Health (OWH) notes that PCOS affects 5–10 percent of women aged 15–44 years. They describe PCOS as a “common and treatable cause of infertility.”

These are some of the symptoms:

• Abnormal hair growth on the face, chest, or back
• Acne or darkening of the skin
• Weight gain
• Thinning hair on the head
• Infertility
• Irregular periods
• Ovarian cysts
• Depression
• Increased skin tags

Please note not everyone with PCOS will have the same signs or symptoms.

Some of the causes could be:

Excessive Insulin – Along with a genetic link, excess insulin in the body also increases a woman’s risk of developing PCOS. Insulin is a hormone that the pancreas produces, and the body uses to convert sugar in food into energy. Women with PCOS often have insulin resistance. Insulin resistance involves the body’s inability to lower blood sugar levels correctly. Blood sugar levels can become too high, which causes yet more insulin production. Too much insulin also increases testosterone production, which leads to some of the symptoms of PCOS.

Heredity – Experts do not know exactly what causes PCOS, but it may involve genetic factors. If a woman’s mother or sister has the condition, she has a higher chance than others of developing it.

Excess Androgen – The ovaries produce abnormally high levels of androgen, resulting in excessive acne.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOD)

When to see a doctor:
Anyone who is concerned that they are unable to become pregnant or who has symptoms that may indicate PCOS should see a doctor. Even if a woman does not wish to become pregnant, getting an early diagnosis of PCOS can help to prevent complications.
There are many possible causes of infertility, but assessment for PCOS can help target treatment and improve the chances of conceiving.
If a woman does become pregnant, it is also essential to know if PCOS is present, as studies have found a higher risk of pregnancy complications with PCOS.
Treatment
• Birth control pills to help correct hormonal imbalances.
• Insulin-sensitizing drugs to improve the body’s use of insulin and so testosterone production, too.
• In the case of diabetes, medication to control blood sugar levels.
• Exercise and healthful eating to help boost overall wellbeing and control weight.

The most important is to manage stress which includes sbalance of home and work life and taking enough sleep.

If you have any of the above symptoms, please see a doctor immediately as ignorance in this case would complicate things for you.

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